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The importance of sports for the hemophiliacs

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Hemophilia an incurable disease

Identifying hemophilia

Although hemophilia doesn’t have any special symptoms like lots of other diseases and some of them are shared with some other diseases, scientists found the following as the most important ones:

Pain and swell of joints or asthenia in leg or arm especially in knee or elbow

Continual coagulations

Severe bleeding of small cuts

Spontaneous nose bleeding

Finding blood in urine

 

Causes of hemophilia

Large studies which are done in this field show various causes for hemophilia, while the most important reason can be genetic disorder. Genetic disorder is the reason for factor VIII deficiency. The gene for factor VIII is located on the X chromosome. If a man has hemophilia, this abnormal gene is on his only X chromosome and is inherited to all of his daughters. Since sons get the Y chromosome from him, none of them inherit hemophilia from him, while all of his daughters have the abnormal gene.

Some of the sons of the women who are the carriers of the abnormal gene may get hemophilia and some of the daughters of those women may also be infected.

Family history of hemophilia increases the risk of the disease. Currently, hemophilia cannot be prevented. If there is a history of hemophilia in your family, you should have a genetic counseling before having a new baby.

The risk of being infected by AIDS or hepatitis due to donated blood will be decreased with supplying factor VIII produced by genetics engineering.

Hemophilia consequences

Currently, this disease is incurable but is not mortal. If the bleeding can be controlled, we can expect a life expectancy near to the normal one.

Scientific studies are still done in the field of causes and cures of hemophilia, so we hope more effective treatments be found everyday and this disease be cured finally.

After-effects of hemophilia

Dangerous bleeding that needs emergency cure

Eternal inability of joint due to nonstop bleeding of it

Headache, paralysis, comatose coma due to internal bleeding of brain

Hemophilia treatment

Hemophilia is diagnosed by coagulation tests which show the low activity of factor VIII during this disease. If the bleeding is severe or more than normal, hospitalization may be needed to control the bleeding. Always carry a bracelet or necklace showing your disease, this will result in faster and better help in emergency. It is recommended to have a genetic counseling before marriage or having a baby.

Bleeding can be controlled by the injection of condensed factor VII. Factor VII should be given after the bleeding as soon as possible. In addition, some doses of factor VII can be used as prevention and patients can learn themselves to inject. There might be a prescription of some medicine to decrease pain in joints.

Try to have a normal life as much as possible. Maintaining the physical capability is really important in this field. While having this disease, avoid doing activities that may hurt like sports full of conflict and clash. Swimming, bicycling, and walking are the best sports for you. Besides mentioned points, there are no limitations for you during the disease.

During which conditions one should visit a doctor?

If you or one of your family members have hemophilia

If one of the followings happens after diagnosis:

A hurt together with swell: This might be a sign for under-skin bleeding

Bleeding that can’t be controlled fast

Pain and swell of joints

 

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